One of the main reasons behind pollution is wastage of available resources. The production and manufacturing industries use up a big percentage of natural resources. The products manufactured by industrial organizations are dumped into garbage bins thoughtlessly. Such acts of wastage have polluted the air, water and landmass around us. The huge quantity of non-biodegradable waste is causing landfill, erosion and polluting the still clean natural resources like seas and rivers.
Waste management is no more an ideal that we should follow and think about in our free time. It has become an urgent social necessity and our moral duty. If we continue to ignore the importance of waste management then a day will come when there would be no natural resources available for our basic needs and the human race will be doomed.
Waste management can be done through various methods and procedures. The method we choose for this purpose will depend on our geographical location and the basic nature of the waste. For solid waste landfill is the most viable option. Unused grounds of vast proportions and old mines or quarries are used as the site of landfill.
The solid waste is put inside big holes dug into the grounds and then covered with soil. This method can cause pollution and that’s why recycling is necessary. Recycling and reusing can reduce the amount of solid waste. Plastic, aluminum and papers can be easily recycled and used again.
Another useful method of waste management is incineration. In this process, waste products are burnt at a high temperature. The incineration chamber does not take much space but one of these chambers can burn huge quantities of waste. That’s why they are being used in many countries and regions for waste management. Small countries like Japan have adapted this method successfully for getting rid of their waste products.
This system also has some cons. Incinerating waste demands energy, and results in increased air pollution. These gases and compounds are carcinogenic in nature.
Household waste and organic waste are also managed through composting. Composting reduces the amount of waste and makes it useful once more. Fruit peels, manures and yard trimmings can be used for composting.
Waste management is necessary for preventing global pollution and reducing the amount of wastage. Wastage of natural resources can be very harmful for the environment.