Nature has always been a source of inspiration for humans and when it comes to solving complex architectural design problems, architects seek shelter from it to understand and learn the natural way of dealing with things. The process in which inspiration from nature and its elements like tree, plants, hills, etc. determines the course of architecture, has been termed as ‘biomimicry’. Learning from nature not only helps in solving design related problems, but allows integration of sustainability for constructing eco sound structures.
Fake Hills Mad Architects
The architecture firm ‘Mad Architects’ is the designer of fake hills, a housing society that takes the shape of hills, and is aimed to be part of the city of Beihei. The buildings have undulated roofs and cuts that maximize the view of the dwellers. The design draws inspiration from nature when it comes to sustainability. The shape of the building allows automatic cleaning of the air. Sunlight filters through the structure naturally, making the building energy efficient without the use of electricity.
ITC Corporate Towers by HKS
The new headquarters of ITC is being developed and designed by HKS and their main focus is on sustainability, with the ultimate aim of obtaining LEED Platinum certification. The key features of the 26 stories tall building includes accommodating green vegetation that is free to grow upwards, two to three folds. For lighting and heat regulation, the building will use a double skin system which prevents heat of the sun from entering the building, and simultaneously it will permit full use of sunlight. The building has been provided with pyramid slope to act as a chimney. This chimney will draw wind through the building and the operable windows will provide cross ventilation.
While working on his masterpiece, Barcelona’s Sagrada Familia, Antoni Gaudi turned to nature for inspiration. The ornamental structure of the building has a roof designed in the shape of a magnolia leaf. Other nature inspired elements of the building include spiral stairways, honeycomb gates, gargoyles depicting animals, pinnacles in the form of grasses and diatom-shaped windows.
Cultural center of meudon la foret
The community center of Meudon La Foret in France designed by Serero architects is yet another piece of nature inspired architecture. The building uses organic concrete shells for the walls, which are fragile looking, but indeed strong. For lightning, the slope of the building is installed with photovoltaic cells. The shape of the building takes the form of canopy with trapezoidal windows, which allows ample light.
The design presented by GOMMA designs takes the shape of trees with its leaves that have actual solar panels. These solar panels are tilted with mathematical calculations for each to receive maximum light without shadowing the neighbor. The numerous trees that make the structure are connected to each other at the top for support. The design serves a dual purpose; firstly, it provides shade to the commuters during day, simultaneously charging the photo cells, and secondly lights the LED lamps from the energy thus conserved during day.
Leaf House by Undercurrent Architects
This private residential complex in Australia is designed by Undercurrent Architects and is hooked with nature via leaves. The roof of the villa is designed as if fallen leaves corner each other with plantation all around. Fine thin glasses molded in the shape of leaves surrounds the leaf house and limit the heat from the sun to reduce energy consumption, simultaneously allowing maximum penetration of sun light. The cottage blends with the landscape and you feel of being in a garden while sitting inside.
Enota Hotel Ribno
They started with a commercial setup and ended on what is called, a camouflage. The designers of the hotel were asked to make it in a way that it looked like a part of the landscape and not as a flashy sight. Designers created a hotel with peaks looking more like mountains. The hotels rooms were made at lower level with peaks serving the purpose of halls for meetings and parking. The self sustainable design accommodates latest facilities for the residents.