One of the most common excuses people give for not being eco-friendly is its cost. For those people, being eco-friendly means buying expensive equipment that are branded as eco-friendly. On the contrary, nothing could be farther from the purpose. If you truly want to be eco-friendly, you need not even go to the nearest grocery store to buy what you think you need. In fact, you can give an eco-friendly twist to your life by using just things that are available in your trash can. Bottle drip irrigation and recycled barrels show precisely what we mean.
Bottle drip irrigation
Plastic is definitely something that we want to get rid of completely in the long term. It is one of the biggest toxic pollutants that just refuses to become a part of the planet even after spending decades in landfills. Because it is non-biodegradable, one of the better ways to deal with plastic, apart from reducing its usage considerably, is to reuse and recycle it as much as possible. Here is another wonderful way of reusing those old PET bottles, which are lying around your home.
The idea here is nothing radically new, but it is something very effective. All you need to do is put a small hole in the plastic bottles or containers and bury them at regular intervals in your garden. Fill these up with water regularly to ensure that your plants are watered constantly. There are plenty of advantages to using this simple and effective bottle drip technique. The obvious one is that you make your own cool drip irrigation system for free.
On top of that you also conserve on water and ensure that your plants get regular water supply without much wastage. This system can be particularly effective in areas where water is a scarce commodity and yet you would like a lush green garden. On top of that you obviously recycle the plastic bottles and use them in an eco-friendly fashion.
Food-grade recycled barrels to collect rainwater
This barrel does not only save the environment by helping to conserve water, but is itself made from recycle industrial food grade barrels. The rain barrel collects the rainwater that falls on your roof and hence avail you with fresh soft natural water.
The rainwater collection system is kept fully enclosed in a unit, hence making it child proof, controlling pest as the same time. This can also be used for buffer storage for drip irrigation system. To reduce splashing water and keep large debris from entering the barrel, it includes a Splash Screen Lid. It has a capacity of 57 gallon approx.
Water your plants, garden and lawn, and add moisture to compost with the oxygenated, un-chlorinated rainwater, which is (usually) warmer than tap water with the Rain Barrel Rainwater Collection System.
Why Farmers Must Step Up and Reduce Water Consumption in Agriculture?
With decreasing levels of freshwater, farmers must make efforts to reduce water consumption. Agriculture uses up 70% of freshwater, which is a global phenomenon. Freshwater is a resource which is decreasing, the same as other natural resources and steps have to be taken to conserve water. Water used for food production and irrigation constitutes a major threat to the sustainability of global water resources. It’s up to farmers to use methods which use less water, but which would not affect the quantity of food being produced. Read on to find out how to reduce water consumption in agriculture:
How to reduce water consumption in agriculture?
1. Using low-energy sprays
The Geological Survey of the US suggest that farmers can use LEPA or a precision application low spray which is centrally pivoted, to water plants gently, but with the spray being very close to ground. This system of watering plants can increase the efficiency of irrigation from 60% up to 90%.
2. Irrigation scheduling
Farmers can schedule irrigation based on atmospheric conditions or soil-based measurements which would reduce use of water, even as crop yields are improved. There are many programs and softwares which can collect weather related data, including rainfall, local temperature, crop evapotranspiration and humidity levels, and can recommend optimal scheduling of irrigation. The University of Minnesota can provide a thorough guide about irrigation scheduling using checkbook method.
3. Controlling phreatophytes
Controlling the production of phreatophytes, which are plants such as tamarisk, willows, Russian olive and cottonwood, can help to conserve water, as these plants consume high amounts of water, reducing the amount of water available to a crop. These plants can be removed or reduced by a variety of methods, including mechanical or chemical.
4. Drip irrigation
The method of drip irrigation is another effective way for farmers to reduce water consumption. This method of irrigation conserves up to 50-70% water than traditional methods of irrigation and also increases crop production by 20-90%. Drip evaporation provides the balance desired of water levels in the air, soil and plant growth is promoted while lessening evaporation and runoff.
5. Grow crops which need less water
Some crops require less water due to their physiology, such as olives and grapes or because they are bred to require much less water such as maize for Africa specially developed for regions where water is scarce. The choice regarding which crops should be grown also depends on socio-economic and environmental conditions.
6. Use treated wastewater and rainwater harvesting
7. Improve water retention of the soil
Water retention of the soil can be enhanced by different farming systems and methods like conservation tillage, residue management, contouring, zai, bunds and leveling fields. These methods reduce the amount of required to water the field. Fields can be leveled by laser controlled equipment which can ensure that the fields’ slope is ideal to retain water. A level field also conserves water by decreasing runoff and allowing uniform water distribution. Laser leveling reduces water usage by 20-30% and increase crop yield by 10-20%.
8. Black plastic polythene film
Laying a black plastic polythene film around certain crops can prevent surface evaporation. Furthermore, these also keep soil warm at night and control weeds. This method can save up to 25% in the requirement of water. A black polythene film of thickness 1-1.5mm is enough although it might have to be changed / replaced after a season.
9. Use water flow meter
10. Tailwater return system
This system catches runoffs at the field’s low end and pumps it to the field’s top end for reuse. This system can include ditches which can collect runoff, waterways for irrigation, a pump, power unit, pipeline and a reservoir.
11. Improving furrows
Improving furrows enables water to flow further down. Therefore, it helps in improving water distribution and decreasing the potential for percolation at the top of the field.
Micro-scale solar-powered desalination units and other technological advances can help farmers in their endeavor to reduce water wast. Furthermore, it can also help them in conserving water without hindering yields.