Wastes are objects or substances that are no longer of value to man and therefore face disposal. Management of waste in urban centers is a major crisis as there are a wide variety of unwanted substances disposed of frequently by people and factories. Here are some of the most preferred solutions for waste disposal.
Excluded dumping sites off urban centers where wastes collected from various garbage collection points around a city are known as landfills. Land-filling involves dumping of urban wastes landfills until it is filled to the required level, where they are then buried with layers of soil. The area with compacted soil layers can afterwards be used to accommodate other activities such as being a park, playground or other socio-economic activities as deemed suitable by the county government.
In the case of medical waste, incineration is among the best Solutions on Waste, Recycling and Processing Recyclable Materials as most of the wastes can directly harm civilian life by facilitating the transmission of diseases. Incineration is a process where unwanted substances are gotten rid of by subjecting them to extremely high temperatures. The practice enables contaminated and contagious wastes disposal as they are reduced to ashes which can be safely disposed of in a dumping site such as a landfill. However, incineration causes a lot of air pollutions as the smoke produced from the burning substances are directly released to the air. Moreover, it has a high operation cost.
This waste disposal method applies to biodegradable wastes. Like a compost pit, this method focuses on the decomposition of organic wastes substances. Furthermore, the by-product of the decomposition process in the compost pit forms manure used in crop farming to raise soil fertility. In a well-set compost pit, the decomposition process takes approximately 2 to 3 months to be ready for use in the agriculture sector. In as much as composting makes it easy to dispose of biodegradable wastes from urban centers, it requires a lot of technical know-how while preparing and maintaining a ‘healthy compost pit’.
Not necessarily all items that have fulfilled their purpose need to be done away with. Some can be used to meet other needs for instance; powdered milk tins can be used to store salt or other kitchen spices. Needless to say, old clothes can be used as raw materials for making new materials at home.
This is the process of assembling then processing unwanted substances and turning them into new products. Recycling is a three-step process that involves collection and processing, manufacturing and ends with the purchase of new products made from the originally disposed of wastes. Recycling helps reduce the number of wastes disposed at the landfills and most importantly reduces non-biodegradable count in the landfills. However, the recycling process needs technical know-how and many cities are always reluctant to enforce it as it is costly to start up.
Some of the substances that fall in the category of wastes are unused substances. This may be as a result of the excessive purchase of a substance, such that it expires before it is used and therefore has to be disposed of. Therefore, in this method of waste disposal, residents are asked not to make excessive purchases and, in the process, the number of wastes disposed of reduces.
Solutions on Waste, Recycling and Processing Recyclable Materials is a critical topic in the current society as more factories are coming up. There is also a steady rise in income of citizens of many countries and this increases the need to meet more needs. As a result, the amount of wastes produced by homes increases and therefore, calls for an intervention.
Article Submitted By Community Writer